What are the essential Dialysis Equipment and Supplies?
Kidneys are one of the most vital organs of the human body and they perform multiple functions, including purification of blood and urine generation. When kidneys malfunction or fail to execute their functions, dialysis is performed. Dialysis helps to remove the excess waste products (including urea and creatinine), fluid, and salt from the body.
There are 2 main types of dialysis: haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.
While haemodialysis involves diverting blood into an external machine, where it's filtered before being returned to the body; peritoneal dialysis involves pumping dialysis fluid into the space inside the patient’s abdomen to draw out waste products from the blood passing through vessels lining the inside of the abdomen.
Haemodialysis is carried out with the help of a hemodialysis machine which emulates the functions of the kidneys.
There are two medical devices used for hemodialysis; a dialyzer, which is also known as an artificial kidney, and a hemodialysis machine.
Haemodialysis equipment and supplies-
In Hemodialysis, a dialysis machine and a special filter called an artificial kidney, or a dialyzer, are used to clean your blood. A dialyzer is the part in the hemodialysis machine where a patient’s blood gets filtered. The dialyzer has two parts, one for the patient’s blood and one for a washing fluid called dialysate. A thin membrane separates these two parts. Blood cells, protein, and other important things remain in the patient’s blood because they are too big to pass through the membrane. Smaller waste products in the blood, such as urea, creatinine, potassium, and extra fluid pass through the membrane and are washed away.
Computer-controlled dialysis machines are one of the most important products in hemodialysis. It performs a number of key functions – it pumps blood from the patient’s body through the blood lines to the dialyzer. There, a fluid known as dialysate transports the toxins and excess water filtered from the blood away from the body. The fluid is introduced against the flow of blood through a separate circuit that is also controlled by the dialysis machine. In addition, the device injects drugs that restrain coagulation.
AV Fistula needle:
An Arteriovenous (AV) Fistula Needle allows venous and arterial access for patients undergoing haemodialysis. An AV Fistula Needle is a part of the connector of the haemodialysis system. It creates an internal fistula akin to its natural counterpart in the body by connecting blood lines with blood vessels through needles. After the fistula is surgically created, the system is allowed to mature before it is ready to be used for hemodialysis.
If you are looking to buy AV fistula needles, then explore the wide collection of needles on Medikabazaar.
Peritoneal dialysis supplies:
There are two types of peritoneal dialysis: Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD) and Automated Peritoneal Dialysis (APD).
In CAPD, treatments are performed continuously without a machine. Typically, three to five exchanges are done per day in a clean environment.
In Automated Peritoneal Dialysis (APD), a dialysis machine performs the exchange of fluid, helping in making overnight treatment possible.
Dialysis can help perform most of the kidneys’ vital functions but it cannot entirely replace the natural organ. Therefore, patients with chronic kidney failure must also take drugs to control the balance of minerals in the body and prevent a lack of red blood cells (anemia).
Blood tubing Set:
Designed for the patient to connect an external system which extracts their blood to the dialyzer and then returns patient’s blood from the dialyzer, Blood Tubing Sets are particularly used for continuous blood supplies during Hemodialysis. During hemodialysis, these blood lines act as a blood channel during blood purification treatment. Blood Tubing Sets are disposable bloodlines, intended to transfer blood from patients’ vascular access system to the hemodialyzer through an arterial tubing, and from the hemodialyzer to the patient vascular system via a venous tubing.
The blood tubing set consists of two parts: Arterial and Venous line which are used during dialysis with attached fistula and dialyzer.
All of the above-mentioned equipment and supplies form an integral part of the dialysis machinery. If you are looking to buy dialysis equipment online, then Medikabazaar hosts the largest collection of medical supplies across numerous leading brands. Medikabazaar deals exclusively with medical suppliers and sources directly from the manufacturers ensuring the right price and authenticity of the products.