Purple Day 2019: What you need to know about Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a neurological condition occurring due to irregular brain activity resulting in seizures, unexpected behavior, and losing one’s sense of awareness. There is no age and gender for this disorder. For some, epilepsy attacks can lead them towards constantly staring into a wall for a period of time; while for others, it can result in the twitching of the arms and legs.

Not all seizure attacks can be determined as a cause of epilepsy, but it is believed that if anyone experiences two seizures then they should be admitted for epilepsy diagnosis.


Due to unusual brain function, epilepsy can affect any part of the brain. Some of the signs and symptoms of epilepsy are as follows:

  • Staring into space
  • No consciousness or awareness
  • Jerking movements of the arms and legs
  • A sudden feeling of confusion
  • Psychic manifestations such as feelings of déjà vu, anxiety, and panic

In a majority of cases, an epileptic person will suffer from similar types of seizures. Doctors have categorized seizures broadly into two varieties which are the following:

  • Focal seizures: This type of seizure results from abnormal activity from only one particular area of the brain.
  • Generalized seizures: Seizures which occur due to unnatural activities from all over the brain.


The Indian Scenario:

 According to a 2017 news article, approximately 12 million suffer from epilepsy with 14 people (especially children and young adults) out of 1000 populations having a strong tendency to get afflicted with the disorder in rural areas. Epileptic people in India are known as People with Epilepsy (EWP). In the urban cities, 60% of EWPs visit a doctor for effective diagnosis. However, the statistic is quite unfortunate when it comes to rural areas where only 10% of EWPs go for medical consultation. This makes it more imperative for making people aware about epilepsy so that they can take the appropriate steps if and when it occurs.


When to go for diagnosis:

 If anyone experiences or is undergoing the following conditions, they should immediately consult a doctor.

  • The seizure attack lasts for more than 5 minutes
  • If the person doesn’t regain consciousness or can’t breathe after a seizure
  • In case of high degree of fever
  • In the case of a second seizure attack in a short interval of time
  • Heat exhaustion
  • Seizures during pregnancy
  • In case of injuries due to seizures
  • If you are diabetic and get seizure attacks

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