A brief guide on must have dental instruments and materials

Opening and setting up a Dental Clinic can be quite the Herculean task when it comes to procuring equipment, consumables, and even setting up its basic infrastructure. With a lack of options to conveniently choose from, procuring supplies and setting up a dental clinic becomes even more difficult.

To help change this, Medikabazaar stepped into providing an entire gamut of dental solutions under one roof. Be it individual practitioners wanting to set up or upgrade their establishment, dental clinics aiming to buy products on a one-time/recurring basis, or hospitals wanting to procure complete dental supplies, Medikabazaar is a one-stop shop for all dental needs.

Here’s a brief guide on must-have dental instruments for every dental establishment. These dental instruments and materials are imperative to the day-to-day functioning of a successful dental care service.


Dental Mirrors:

An essential dental instrument that permits dentists to explore and investigate a patient’s oral cavities, as well as to act as a mouth separator. The little-sized device is a basic, yet highly adaptable practical instrument for the dentist’s perfect working vision.


Scaler Unit:

Scalers are used to remove tartar (plaque) from the patient’s teeth. The Woodpecker Scaler UDS -X led (https://www.medikabazaar.com/catalog/product/view/id/665114/s/woodpecker-scaler-uds-x-led/) can be the right choice for you as it serves multiple functions like scaling, perio, and endo. It ensures durability as the handpiece is cast from Titanium alloy and the scaling tip is made of special material which helps in easy cleaning of the teeth. It eliminates dental calculus, bacterial plaque, and tea stains on the teeth quickly without hurting the gum or the enamel.


Dental forceps:

During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, elevators and pelicans were used as extraction devices because the concept of dental forceps did not exist. Dental forceps came about to address the need to remove items from the mouth such as cotton balls dentists place next to a patient's teeth or the rubber bands a patient needs for their braces.


Dental Burs:

Dental Burs are required for almost every dental procedure. They are required for cutting, grinding, and removing hard and soft tissue and are designed to attach to the rotary dental handpiece for quick and efficient dental treatment.

The two most common kinds of dental burs are tungsten carbide burs and diamond burs. Within those general categories, there are sub-types of burs that come in different shapes, blade configurations, and head angles to suit a variety of procedures. Burs are also classified by the type of shank, viz, a latch type bur is only used in slow speed handpieces with contra-angle attachment, long shank is only used in the slow speed when the contra-angle is not in use, and similarly a friction grip bur, which is a small bur, is used only in the high-speed handpiece.


Dental Syringe

Dental syringes are used to deliver a numbing anesthetic to the patient’s mouth. Dental syringes are typically a bit longer than a typical needle or syringe in order to help the dentist to hit the right spot when administering the anaesthetic. As it is common with any shot, the initial prick may cause discomfort for a second, but it is swiftly numbed by the anaesthetic. Some dentists may also administer a topical anaesthetic before using the syringe, in order to dull the initial syringe prick.


Dental X-Ray machine:

For dental diagnosis, it’s a common practice in dentistry to perform X-ray tests. On Medikabazaar’s wide range of dental products, you can find various kinds of dental X-ray machines at best prices including portable X-ray machines as well. The traditional Alerio Wall Mounted DC X-ray OPTIMA is an economical High-Frequency DC Intra-Oral X-ray Machine. Designed for easy installation and service, the equipment takes simple hassle-free X-ray images.


Dental Chair:

One of the most central elements of a dental establishment, a dental chair is not only essential to a dentist’s performance but it’s also used to make sure the patient is as comfortable as possible. A comfortable patient is a calm and satisfied patient.

There are primarily three types of chair designs:

Ceiling Mounted Design – None of the attachments are on the chair completely, but built into the ceiling, with the chair positioned beneath them.

Mobile Independent Design – Wheel-mounted chairs with locking mechanisms, or folding style chairs, designed to be used in mobile operations, typically serving poorer areas of the country.

Dental Chair Mounted Design – The Dental Engine and all necessary attachments are built into the chair itself.

The Confident Mookambika Dental Chair is anatomically shaped to cradle the patient’s body. Combined patient chair movements ensure correct alignment of the lower limbs and constant, proper support of the patient’s shoulders, thus preventing undesirable tension in the neck and shoulders. The 2 Airotor points and 2 three-way syringes, along with Supreme Scaler with 5 scaling tips, prove to be very helpful while operating.



An autoclave or steam sterilizer is vital to dental practice. The autoclave uses pressure and temperature to kill microorganisms, bacteria, viruses, etc, and completely sterilize instruments and equipment. Dental autoclave sterilizers play a key role in infection control and prevent cross-contamination and sepsis during surgical procedures.

There are majorly three types of autoclaves that are most popularly used. They are as follows.

Heat autoclaves - In heat autoclaves, a temperature of at least 246 degrees should be maintained for half an hour.

Gas autoclaves - Also known as chemicalves. Gas autoclaves use a vapour solution to sterilize its contents. They consume lesser heat and take lesser time to complete the cycle.

Ultraviolet autoclaves – Ultraviolet autoclaves produce UV light that kills unwanted disease causing organisms.

The Woson Tanda C -B Class 23 LTS Classic Autoclave is a highly reliable class B autoclave, suitable for intensive use of several cycles per day, and offers pressure and temperature overload protection along with a provision to connect an External Printer and options for a Built-In Printer that gives a printout of each cycle comprising all details about the sterilization cycle in the Autoclave.


Contra-angle handpiece:

These handpieces are used to work within the mouth to remove decaying material, prepare cavities or crowns, remove fillings, as well as to finish and polish dental and restorative surfaces. The Being Foshan Contra Angle Handpiece (https://www.medikabazaar.com/being-foshan-contra-angle-handpiece.html) is a leading model in this segment, with a rotation speed of 22,000-27,000 RPM.


Apex Locator:

Apex locators in endodontics are integral for proper dental treatment and it is imperative to select the most appropriate one from the wide range of models available. Apex locators measure the impedance, frequency and resistance of the surrounding material to locate the working length of the root canal to be endodontized. The correct determination of tooth length is a decisive factor for the success of endodontic therapy.

The Woodpecker V Apex Locator is a highly efficient apex locator that aids dentists in correctly ascertaining the working length to carry out endodontic treatments.


Dental Cements:

Dental Cements are set intraorally and are commonly used to join a tooth and a prosthesis or for restoration of the decayed tooth. Dental Cements are used in restorative, endodontic, orthodontic, periodontic as well as surgical procedures.

Dental cements can be broken down into five categories: zinc phosphate, zinc polycarboxylate, glass ionomer, resin-modified glass ionomers (RMGIs), and resin cements. While zinc phosphate cements are ideally used for cementation of inlays, orthodontic appliances, crowns, and post systems, zinc polycarboxylate cements are used as permanent cements for crowns, bridges, inlays, and onlays, orthodontic cementation and as a high strength base.

Glass ionomers are used primarily for metallic and porcelain-fused-to-metal restorations, as they can chemically bond to stainless steel, tin-plated noble metals, and base metals. Like glass ionomers, Resin-modified Glass Ionomers are indicated for metallic and PFM restorations, as well as zirconia and alumina-based ceramics and lithium-disilicate CAD/CAM inlays and onlays.

Resin cements are the most popular option today and they are used for cementation of crowns and bridges, cementation of porcelain veneers and inlays, bonding orthodontic brackets to acid-etched enamel.


Gutta Percha Points:

Gutta-percha is a material used to fill a tooth after a root canal. During root canal, the tooth's damaged area is removed, and the tooth's canals are cleaned out and disinfected before being filled and sealed. Gutta-percha is the thermoplastic filling material heated and compressed into the tooth's canal, then sealed with adhesive cement. Gutta Percha is produced from the coagulated latex of trees native to Malaysia, a natural material that is heated and then compressed into the canal.


Impression Materials:

Dental impressions are negative imprints of the teeth and oral cavity. Dental Impressions are used to create three-dimensional models that are commonly used in prosthodontics, orthodontics, dental crowns and bridges, and oral and maxillofacial surgery.

The most widely used material, especially for preliminary impressions, is irreversible hydrocolloid. The most often used irreversible hydrocolloid is alginate. Alginate is a naturally occurring polymer usually obtained from brown seaweed.


Besides all of the above-listed instruments and materials, consumables like dental composites, latex gloves, dental sutures, masks, pedodontic, prosthodontic, endodontic and orthodontic instruments are also required to set up a dental clinic. If you are looking to source your dental supplies online, then Medikabazaar hosts the largest catalogue of dental products at the best possible prices. Medikabazaar also features advanced, cutting-edge, latest products that are revolutionizing dental care.

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